The United States acquired the area of Arkansas from France as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Arkansas Territory (spelled in the enabling act as Arkansaw) was organized from part of Missouri Territory on March 2, 1819, and included the greater part of Oklahoma, west to the 100th meridian. Arkansas Territory was reduced in area in 1824 and 1828 to generally assume the boundary of the present state. Arkansas was admitted to the Union on June 15, 1836, as the 25th state.
Although the territory had not yet been established, census data are available for Arkansas beginning with the 1810 census (as part of Louisiana Territory). The 1810 and 1820 populations for Arkansas reflect the 1819 boundary of the territory, which included territory now in the state of Oklahoma. The population of the entire legally established Louisiana Territory (of which the area of Arkansas was a part) in 1810 was 20,845.
Data for the legally established state of Arkansas are available beginning with the 1840 census.
See: Geographic Terms & Concepts
Counties & County Equivalents
Interactive Map of Arkansas Counties | Static Overview Map of Arkansas Counties
There are 75 counties in Arkansas. The governing body for each county consists of justices of the peace and a county judge.
There are 1,271 county subdivisions in Arkansas. There are 1,270 townships which are recognized as minor civil divisions (MCDs). Fort Chaffee in Sebastian County is an unorganized territory. All county subdivisions in Arkansas are nonfunctioning, nongovernmental entities.
Places (Incorporated Cities, Towns & Census Designated Places (CDPs))
Arkansas has 541 places; 502 incorporated places and 39 census designated places (CDPs). The incorporated places consist of 311 cities (minimum population threshold of 500) and 191 towns (population less than 500). One town and four cities are each coextensive with a single township with the same name.
Alphabetical List of Cities, Towns, CDPs and Other Populated Places
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q, R | S | T | U, V | W, X, Y, Z
Arkansas Civil Features
Arkansas Civil Features: Political Subdivisions, Native Areas, Land Grants, etc. - sorted by Census Class Codes.
Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas
There are 6 Metropolitan and 15 Micropolitan Statistical Areas in Arkansas. AR Metopolitan & Micropolitan Areas
Arkansas ZIP Code Tabulation Areas
There are 596 ZIP Code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) in Arkansas. View Arkansas ZIP Codes and ZIP Code Maps.
Arkansas has 251 unified school districts. View Arkansas Public and Private Schools.
Arkansas has 4 congressional districts. An interactive map shows the contact information for each Representative as well as the boundaries for each Arkansas district. View Map of Arkansas Congressional Districts.
State Legislative Districts
There are 35 state senate districts and 100 state house districts in Arkansas.